Scientific article
Open access

Association between burnout and stigma in physicians

Published inPloS one, vol. 18, no. 4, e0283556
Publication date2023
First online date2023-04-05

Background: Physicians suffering from burnout are more likely to develop depression, substance dependence, and cardiovascular diseases, which can affect their practices. Stigmatization is a barrier to seeking treatment. This study aimed to understand the complex links between burnout among medical doctors and the perceived stigma.

Methods and findings: Online questionnaires were sent to medical doctors working in five different departments of the Geneva University Hospital. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was used to assess burnout. The Stigma of Occupational Stress Scale in Doctors (SOSS-D) was used to measure the three stigma dimensions. Three hundred and eight physicians participated in the survey (response rate: 34%). Physicians with burnout (47%) were more likely to hold stigmatized views. Emotional exhaustion was moderately correlated with perceived structural stigma (r = 0.37, P < .001) and weakly correlated with perceived stigma (r = 0.25, P = 0.011). Depersonalization was weakly correlated with personal stigma (r = 0.23, P = 0.04) and perceived other stigma (r = 0.25, P = 0.018).

Conclusion: These results suggest the need to adjust for existing burnout and stigma management. Further research needs to be conducted on how high burnout and stigmatization impact collective burnout, stigmatization, and treatment delay.

  • Humans
  • Burnout, Professional / psychology
  • Burnout, Psychological
  • Occupational Stress / psychology
  • Physicians / psychology
  • Emotions
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
Citation (ISO format)
FAVRE, Sophie et al. Association between burnout and stigma in physicians. In: PloS one, 2023, vol. 18, n° 4, p. e0283556. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0283556
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1932-6203

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