UNIGE document Scientific Article
previous document  unige:6758  next document
add to browser collection
Title

Performance-Approach and Performance-Avoidance Goals: When Uncertainty Makes a Difference

Authors
Harackiewicz, Judith M.
Published in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2007, vol. 33, no. 6, p. 813 - 827
Abstract Performance-avoidance goals (the desire to avoid performing more poorly than others do) have been shown to have consistently deleterious effects on performance but the effects of performance-approach goals (trying to outperform others) are more complex. Two studies examine uncertainty as a moderator of the effect of performance- approach goals on performance. Experiment 1 shows that manipulated performance-approach goals lead to better performance than do performanceavoidance goals in the absence of uncertainty about performance but when participants learn that a coactor disagreed with them about problem solutions, creating uncertainty, performance-approach goals do not differ from performance-avoidance goals in their effect on performance. Experiment 2 shows that uncertainty also moderates the effects of self-set performance-approach goals. Moreover, the same dynamic occurs with another kind of uncertainty: negative competence feedback.
Keywords Performance goalsUncertaintyDisagreement
Identifiers
Full text
Structures
Research group Groupe de recherche sur l'influence sociale (GRIS)
Citation
(ISO format)
DARNON, Céline et al. Performance-Approach and Performance-Avoidance Goals: When Uncertainty Makes a Difference. In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2007, vol. 33, n° 6, p. 813 - 827. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:6758

238 hits

4 downloads

Update

Deposited on : 2010-06-04

Export document
Format :
Citation style :