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Complex Drug-Drug-Gene-Disease Interactions Involving Cytochromes P450: Systematic Review of Published Case Reports and Clinical Perspectives

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Published in Clinical Pharmacokinetics. 2018, vol. 57, no. 10, p. 1267-1293
Abstract Drug pharmacokinetics (PK) is influenced by multiple intrinsic and extrinsic factors, among which concomitant medications are responsible for drug-drug interactions (DDIs) that may have a clinical relevance, resulting in adverse drug reactions or reduced efficacy. The addition of intrinsic factors affecting cytochromes P450 (CYPs) activity and/or expression, such as genetic polymorphisms and diseases, may potentiate the impact and clinical relevance of DDIs. In addition, greater variability in drug levels and exposures has been observed when such intrinsic factors are present in addition to concomitant medications perpetrating DDIs. This variability results in poor predictability of DDIs and potentially dramatic clinical consequences. The present review illustrates the issue of complex DDIs using systematically searched published case reports of DDIs involving genetic polymorphisms, renal impairment, cirrhosis, and/or inflammation. Current knowledge on the impact of each of these factors on drug exposure and DDIs is summarized and future perspectives for the management of such complex DDIs in clinical practice are discussed, including the use of advanced Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE) systems, the development of model-based dose optimization strategies, and the education of healthcare professionals with respect to personalized medicine.
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PMID: 29667038
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Article (Published version) (1 MB) - public document Free access
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Research group Groupe Desmeules Jules (pharmacologie/toxicologie) (567)
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STORELLI, Flavia et al. Complex Drug-Drug-Gene-Disease Interactions Involving Cytochromes P450: Systematic Review of Published Case Reports and Clinical Perspectives. In: Clinical Pharmacokinetics, 2018, vol. 57, n° 10, p. 1267-1293. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:110999

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Deposited on : 2018-11-20

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