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Scientific article
Open access
English

Attentional refreshing of information in working memory: Increased immediate accessibility of just-refreshed representations

Published inJournal of Memory and Language, vol. 96, p. 23-35
Publication date2017
Abstract

Working Memory (WM) keeps information temporarily accessible for ongoing cognition. Refreshing is a proposed mechanism to keep information active in WM, by bringing memory items into the focus of attention. We report five experiments in which we examined the local effects of refreshing. Participants were either instructed to refresh (to think of) the different memory items at an imposed pace after list presentation, so that we had experimental control over which item was being reactivated in the focus of attention at different points in time during retention, or were free to spontaneously use refreshing (or not). We present evidence for 1) the presumed local effect of refreshing that is heightened accessibility of the just-refreshed item, 2) the use of speeded responses to WM probes as a direct, independent index of the occurrence of refreshing, and 3) spontaneous occurrence of refreshing of to-be-remembered information during slow list presentation and during an empty delay following list presentation.

Keywords
  • Working memory
  • Attention
  • Refreshing
  • Focus of attention
  • Short-term storage
Citation (ISO format)
VERGAUWE, Evie, LANGEROCK, Naomi. Attentional refreshing of information in working memory: Increased immediate accessibility of just-refreshed representations. In: Journal of Memory and Language, 2017, vol. 96, p. 23–35. doi: 10.1016/j.jml.2017.05.001
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Article (Accepted version)
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0749-596X
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Technical informations

Creation10/03/2017 2:24:00 PM
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