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Symptomes, signes cliniques et radiologiques prédictifs de l'origine bactérienne des rhino-sinusites aiguës

Ricchetti, A.
Stalder, H.
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Published in Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift. 2000, vol. Suppl 125, p. 27S-29S
Abstract A minority of patients with common cold and upper respiratory tract infections have a bacterial infection and may benefit from antibiotic therapy. The present analysis set out to determine whether there were clinical symptoms or signs which could help the clinician to identify a subset of patients with moderate forms of acute rhinosinusitis who are infected with pathogenic bacteria. Detailed clinical history and medical examination were obtained from 265 patients (mean age 35 years, 138 females and 127 males) presenting symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections but no fever above 38 degrees C. The presence of three pathogenic bacteria (S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae or M. catarrhalis) was determined in all patients by culture of nasopharyngeal secretions. Aggravating factors for severity of rhinosinusitis, such as severe nasal obstruction, inferior and/or middle turbinate hypertrophy, oedema of the middle meatus mucosa and septal defects, were not associated with the presence of bacteria. Pathogenic bacteria were found in 77 patients (29%). The clinical signs and symptoms which were significantly associated in a multivariate model with the presence of bacteria included facial pain (p < 0.003), coloured nasal discharge (p < 0.003) and radiological maxillary sinusitis (complete opacity, air-fluid level or mucosal thickening greater than 10 mm) (p < 0.002). This, the best predictive model, had a sensitivity of 69% and a specificity of 64% and therefore could not be used either as a screening tool or as a diagnostic criterion for bacterial rhinosinusitis. We conclude that signs and symptoms of acute rhinosinusitis in patients with a mild to moderate clinical presentation are poor predictors of the presence of bacteria. In agreement with previous studies, culture of nasopharyngeal secretions may identify patients who would benefit from antibiotic treatment. Thus, antibiotic therapy should not be prescribed in the absence of bacteriological evidence.
Keywords AdolescentAdultAgedAged, 80 and overBacterial Infections/ complications/ diagnosis/radiographyFemaleHaemophilus Infections/complications/diagnosisHaemophilus influenzaeHumansMaleMiddle AgedMoraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalisNeisseriaceae Infections/complications/diagnosisPneumococcal Infections/complications/diagnosisRhinitis/diagnosis/ microbiologySinusitis/diagnosis/ microbiology
PMID: 11141933
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RICCHETTI, A. et al. Symptomes, signes cliniques et radiologiques prédictifs de l'origine bactérienne des rhino-sinusites aiguës. In: Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift, 2000, vol. Suppl 125, p. 27S-29S. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:9440

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Deposited on : 2010-07-12

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