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Sorting human beta-cells consequent to targeted expression of green fluorescent protein

Meyer, K.
Moss, L. G.
de Vargas, L. M.
Published in Diabetes. 1998, vol. 47, no. 12, p. 1974-1977
Abstract Pancreatic islets of Langerhans are composed of four major endocrine cell types with a smaller number of nonendocrine cells. To study the molecular constituents and function of just one subpopulation of islet cells, it is necessary to sort them from the other cell types. While rat beta-cells can be sorted by autofluorescence-activated flow cytometry, this has not proved possible on a routine and reproducible basis for human beta-cells. In the present study, we have selectively labeled human beta-cells with green fluorescent protein (GFP), allowing for their sorting by flow cytometry. Human islet cells were infected with replication-defective (attenuated) recombinant adenovirus expressing GFP driven by the rat insulin I promoter (Ad-RIP-GFP) for targeted expression in beta-cells, or beta-galactosidase driven by the promiscuous cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter (Ad-CMV-beta-gal) as control. Whereas the majority of islet cells can be infected by adenovirus, as shown by control infection with Ad-CMV-beta-gal, increased fluorescence after infection with Ad-RIP-GFP was limited to insulin-containing beta-cells. Infection of islet cells with Ad-RIP-GFP resulted reproducibly in the appearance of a population of intensely fluorescent cells, when analyzed by flow cytometry. These cells were sorted using a fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) and shown by immunofluorescence to consist of >95% beta-cells. The targeted expression of GFP thus allows for preparation of human beta-cells purified close to homogeneity. This method should be readily applicable in any laboratory with FACS capability.
Keywords Adenoviridae/geneticsAnimalsCell SeparationFlow CytometryGene Expression RegulationGreen Fluorescent ProteinsHumansInsulin/geneticsIslets of Langerhans/ cytology/ metabolismLuminescent Proteins/ geneticsPromoter Regions, Genetic/geneticsRatsRecombinant Fusion Proteins/genetics
PMID: 9836534
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Research groups Chirurgie viscérale (104)
Chirurgie viscérale (HUG)
Fonction de l'îlot de Langerhans (324)
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MEYER, K. et al. Sorting human beta-cells consequent to targeted expression of green fluorescent protein. In: Diabetes, 1998, vol. 47, n° 12, p. 1974-1977. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:8898

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