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Single-dose pharmacokinetics of oral fleroxacin in bacteremic patients

Cerruti, F.
Herrmann, M.
Weidekamm, E.
Portmann, R.
Published in Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy. 1994, vol. 38, no. 6, p. 1219-1224
Abstract Fleroxacin is a new broad-spectrum quinolone which can be given by the oral route. The present study was designed to assess the influence of bacteremia on the pharmacokinetics of a single oral dose of fleroxacin. Thirteen patients with proven bacteremia (one or more pairs of positive blood cultures, no hypotension) were given a single 400-mg fleroxacin dose orally on two occasions while also receiving standard antibiotic therapy. The first dose was administered 12 to 36 h after the last positive blood culture was drawn (day 1), and a second dose was administered 7 days later (day 7 +/- 2) to compare the pharmacokinetics between the acute and the convalescent phases of the disease. Following each administration of fleroxacin, serial plasma samples were collected for up to 72 h and were analyzed for unchanged drug by a reversed phase high-pressure liquid chromatography technique. There were no significant changes in the following pharmacokinetic parameters (mean standard deviation) the maximum concentration of drug in serum (6.4 +/- 1.5 versus 6.7 +/- 1.9 mg/liter), the minimum concentration of drug in serum, defined as the concentration of drug in serum at 24 h postdose (3.0 +/- 1.7 versus 2.5 +/- 1.2 mg/liter), the time to the maximum concentration of drug in serum (2.3 +/- 1.4 versus 2.0 +/- 1.2 h), and the elimination half-life (19.7 +/- 8.0 versus 17.9 +/- 6.9 h). Fleroxacin clearances were compared for each individual patient. A positive correlation (R2 = 0.787) was found between the values measured on day 1 and day 7. Oral clearance of fleroxacin (CL = CL/F, where F is bioavailability was slightly, but not significantly, reduced during the bacteremic phase (oral clearance, 43.8+/- 23.5 versus 48.5 +/- 17.5 ml/min.). When compared with previous results obtained in healthy young subjects, longer times to the maximum concentration of drug in serum and elimination half-lives and higher areas under the curve were observed. This could be due to the bacteremic state, the old age of the patients (mean, 66 years), and the low renal clearance (mean calculated creatinine clearance, 71.1 ml/min). A single oral dose of 400 mg of fleroxacin provides sufficient levels in serum to cover susceptible microorganisms for at least 24 h in bacteremic patients. Renal function appeared to be the key element that had to be taken into consideration to adapt fleroxacin dosage profiles in our patient population. Bacteremia itself appeared to amplify that phenomenon, but to a much lesser extent than renal function did.
Keywords Administration, OralAdultAge FactorsAgedAged, 80 and overBacteremia/drug therapy/ metabolismFemaleFleroxacin/administration & dosage/ pharmacokineticsHumansLiver Diseases/metabolismMaleMetabolic Clearance RateMiddle Aged
PMID: 8092817
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Other version: http://aac.asm.org/cgi/reprint/38/6/1219.pdf
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SCHRENZEL, Jacques et al. Single-dose pharmacokinetics of oral fleroxacin in bacteremic patients. In: Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 1994, vol. 38, n° 6, p. 1219-1224. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:7575

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Deposited on : 2010-06-21

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