en
Scientific article
English

Identification of plasma proteins adsorbed on hemodialysis tubing that promote Staphylococcus aureus adhesion

Published inThe Journal of laboratory and clinical medicine, vol. 135, no. 1, p. 32-42
Publication date2000
Abstract

Risk factors for Staphylococcus aureus infections in patients undergoing hemodialysis include underlying disease, material-induced host defects, and the presence of vascular access catheters. To determine the specific contribution of various potentially adsorbed plasma components in promoting S aureus adhesion to shunt tubing during chronic hemodialysis, we quantified their respective amounts by Western immunoblotting and densitometry and estimated their individual adhesion-promoting activities with specific adhesion-modified bacterial mutants. Fibrinogen, which was the only component consistently present in tubing protein extracts from all patients, was adsorbed in significantly higher amounts on predialyzer than on postdialyzer tubing segments. In contrast, fibronectin and von Willebrand factor were irregularly present in patients' tubing, whereas vitronectin or thrombospondin remained undetectable in all samples. The contribution of fibrinogen in promoting S aureus attachment to hemodialysis tubing was demonstrated by (1) the significantly lower adhesion of a cIfA mutant of strain Newman compared with its parent; (2) the increased attachment of strain 8325-4 after complementation with the cloned cIfA gene on the multicopy plasmid pCF4; and (3) the general tendency for strains Newman and 8325-4(pCF4) to express higher attachment on predialyzer compared with postdialyzer tubing segments in relationship with the higher content of fibrinogen on the former material. However, the specific S aureus attachment-promoting activity of both prefilter and postfilter tubing-adsorbed fibrinogen were much lower than that of the native in vitro-adsorbed protein and may reflect masking or inactivation of the in vivo-adsorbed protein by unknown mechanisms.

Keywords
  • Adsorption
  • Bacterial Adhesion
  • Biocompatible Materials/ metabolism
  • Blood Proteins/ metabolism
  • Blotting, Western
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Fibrinogen/metabolism
  • Fibronectins/metabolism
  • Humans
  • Mutation
  • Prosthesis-Related Infections/etiology/ metabolism
  • Protein Binding
  • Renal Dialysis/instrumentation
  • Staphylococcal Infections/etiology/ metabolism
  • Staphylococcus aureus/drug effects/genetics/ physiology
  • Von Willebrand Factor/metabolism
Citation (ISO format)
FRANCOIS, Patrice et al. Identification of plasma proteins adsorbed on hemodialysis tubing that promote Staphylococcus aureus adhesion. In: The Journal of laboratory and clinical medicine, 2000, vol. 135, n° 1, p. 32–42. doi: 10.1016/s0022-2143(00)70018-7
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ISSN of the journal0022-2143
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