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Title

Conflict of Competences, Counterfactual Thinking, and Performance

Authors
Fluri, Daphné
Published in Swiss Journal of Psychology. 2007, vol. 66, no. 3, p. 153 - 161
Abstract Two studies were run to explore the relations between a conflict of competences (i.e., a situation in which two competent individuals present divergent solutions to the same task), counterfactual thinking, and performance. The first study shows that individuals who imagine themselves in a situation involving a conflict of competences generate more intensive subtractive than additive counterfactual thoughts. The second study tested the impact of a conflict of competences on performance in an anagram task. A condition involving a mere conflict of competences was compared to one involving a conflict of competences with additive counterfactuals (known to improve performance) and one involving a conflict of competences with subtractive counterfactuals (known to have no such effect on performance). As predicted, the performance of participants in the condition involving a mere conflict of competences and in that involving subtractive counterfactuals was inferior to that of participants in the condition involving additive counterfactuals.
Keywords Conflict of competencesCounterfactual thinkingSocial comparisonPerformance
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Research group Groupe de recherche sur l'influence sociale (GRIS)
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SELIMBEGOVIC, Leila et al. Conflict of Competences, Counterfactual Thinking, and Performance. In: Swiss Journal of Psychology, 2007, vol. 66, n° 3, p. 153 - 161. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:6774

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Deposited on : 2010-06-04

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