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Title

Distribution and survival of faecal indicator bacteria in the sediments of the Bay of Vidy, Lake Geneva, Switzerland

Authors
Haller, Laurence
Published in Ecological Indicators. 2009, vol. 9, no. 3, p. 540-547
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the concentrations and the horizontal distribution of faecal indicator bacteria (FIB) including Escherichia coli and Enterococcus sp. in the bottom sediments of the Bay of Vidy, City of Lausanne, Switzerland. A vertical distribution of FIB in sediments near the municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) outlet was evaluated and their persistence in those sediments was monitored for a period of 90 days. High FIB levels were measured in the sediments sampled near theWWTPoutlet pipe and the mouth of the Chamberonne River, at concentrations ranging between 105 and 107 CFU 100 g-1. FIB levels at 10 cm depth in the sediments near the WWTP outlet pipe ranged between 104 and 105 CFU 100 g-1, and were still detected in the top 6 cmafter 90 days. Results of this study indicate that freshwater sediments of the Bay of Vidy constitute a reservoir of faecal indicator bacteria, which can persist in certain areas of the bay. Possible resuspension of FIB and pathogens may affect water quality and may increase health risks to sensitive populations during recreational activities. FIB survival in sediments for long periods is of considerable significance for the understanding of microbial pollution in water and for the management of risk at specific recreational coastal sites.
Keywords Lake GenevaMicrobial contaminationFaecal indicator bacteriaContaminated sedimentsPersistenceHuman health risk
Identifiers
Full text
Structures
Research groups FORE9 Environmental microbiology
Limnology and Environmental Geology
ISE Pôle Sciences
ISE Eau
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HALLER, Laurence et al. Distribution and survival of faecal indicator bacteria in the sediments of the Bay of Vidy, Lake Geneva, Switzerland. In: Ecological Indicators, 2009, vol. 9, n° 3, p. 540-547. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:35827

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Deposited on : 2014-04-17

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