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Comparison of gel-based methods for the detection of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea

Published in Clinica Chimica Acta. 2012, vol. 413, no. 13-14, p. 1145-50
Abstract Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea is a serious condition that may result in severe complications. Various laboratory tests, relying on the detection of CSF-specific proteins in nasal secretions, have been developed but diagnosis remains challenging. The aim of this study was to evaluate two new methods targeting either ß2-transferrin or beta-trace-protein. Rhinorrhea samples from patients suspected of CSF leakage (n=36) were analyzed using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) for CSF rhinorrhea diagnosis. Twelve patients with rhinorrhea strongly suggestive of a CSF leak also underwent a fluorescein test. The same cohort was retrospectively analyzed with a beta-trace protein immunoblot developed in-house (n=36) and a new commercial ß2-transferrin immunofixation assay (Sebia, Evry, France) (n=33). 2-DE was positive in 9 patients suffering from rhinorrhea following skull base fracture (n=3), post-surgery (n=4), or spontaneously (n=2). The 27 remaining cases were negative. These results were confirmed by the beta-trace protein immunoblot and ß2-transferrin immunofixation tests, except for one sample found negative with 2-DE but positive with the two other assays. Results from the three analytical methods were concordant with fluorescein tests. Beta-trace protein immunoblot and ß2-transferrin immunofixation assays are fast and reliable methods that allow detecting CSF leakage in nasal fluid with high sensitivity and specificity.
Keywords AdolescentAdultAgedAged, 80 and overCerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea/diagnosisFemaleHumansImmunoblotting/methodsImmunoelectrophoresis/methodsIntramolecular Oxidoreductases/analysisLipocalins/analysisMaleMiddle AgedTransferrin/analysisYoung Adult
PMID: 22483794
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Research groups Groupe Pierre Burkhard (neurologie) (154)
Chimie et protéomique clinique (270)
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LESCUYER, Pierre et al. Comparison of gel-based methods for the detection of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. In: Clinica Chimica Acta, 2012, vol. 413, n° 13-14, p. 1145-50. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:32858

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Deposited on : 2014-01-07

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