en
Scientific article
English

Comparison of gel-based methods for the detection of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea

Published inClinica chimica acta, vol. 413, no. 13-14, p. 1145-1150
Publication date2012
Abstract

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea is a serious condition that may result in severe complications. Various laboratory tests, relying on the detection of CSF-specific proteins in nasal secretions, have been developed but diagnosis remains challenging. The aim of this study was to evaluate two new methods targeting either ß2-transferrin or beta-trace-protein. Rhinorrhea samples from patients suspected of CSF leakage (n=36) were analyzed using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) for CSF rhinorrhea diagnosis. Twelve patients with rhinorrhea strongly suggestive of a CSF leak also underwent a fluorescein test. The same cohort was retrospectively analyzed with a beta-trace protein immunoblot developed in-house (n=36) and a new commercial ß2-transferrin immunofixation assay (Sebia, Evry, France) (n=33). 2-DE was positive in 9 patients suffering from rhinorrhea following skull base fracture (n=3), post-surgery (n=4), or spontaneously (n=2). The 27 remaining cases were negative. These results were confirmed by the beta-trace protein immunoblot and ß2-transferrin immunofixation tests, except for one sample found negative with 2-DE but positive with the two other assays. Results from the three analytical methods were concordant with fluorescein tests. Beta-trace protein immunoblot and ß2-transferrin immunofixation assays are fast and reliable methods that allow detecting CSF leakage in nasal fluid with high sensitivity and specificity.

Keywords
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea/diagnosis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoblotting/methods
  • Immunoelectrophoresis/methods
  • Intramolecular Oxidoreductases/analysis
  • Lipocalins/analysis
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Transferrin/analysis
  • Young Adult
Citation (ISO format)
LESCUYER, Pierre et al. Comparison of gel-based methods for the detection of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. In: Clinica chimica acta, 2012, vol. 413, n° 13-14, p. 1145–1150. doi: 10.1016/j.cca.2012.03.016
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ISSN of the journal0009-8981
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