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High performance affinity chromatography (HPAC) as a high-throughput screening tool in drug discovery to study drug–plasma protein interactions

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Published in Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis. 2013, vol. 74, p. 205-212
Abstract Drug–plasma protein binding is an important parameter that, together with other physicochemical properties such as lipophilicity and pKa, greatly influences drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME). Therefore, it is important for pharmaceutical companies to develop a rapid screening assay to examine plasma protein binding during the early stages of the drug discovery process. Human serum albumin (HSA) and α1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) are the most important plasma proteins that are capable of binding drugs. In this work, an automated and high-throughput (<3 min/compound) strategy was developed using high performance affinity chromatography (HPAC) with commercial HSA and AGP columns to evaluate drug–plasma protein interactions for drug screening. A generic gradient was used throughout the study to separate drugs that were weakly and tightly bound to HSA and AGP. To accelerate the analysis time, the system was calibrated in a single run by pooling reference compounds without overloading the column. For both HSA and AGP studies, the developed methods were successfully transferred from HPAC–UV to HPAC–MS with single quadrupole MS detection and ammonium acetate, pH 7.0 as a volatile mobile phase. The MS detection enhanced the sensitivity, selectivity, and throughput of the method by pooling unknown compounds. For HSA analyses, the binding percentages obtained using HPAC were well correlated with the binding percentages from the literature. This method was also able to rank compounds based on their affinity for HSA. Concerning the AGP analyses, the quality of the correlation between the binding percentages obtained in HPAC and those from the literature was weaker. However, the method was able to classify compounds into weak, medium, and strong binders and rank compounds based on their affinity for AGP.
Keywords Affinity chromatographyPlasma proteinsBindingHigh-throughputMass spectrometry
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VUIGNIER, Karine et al. High performance affinity chromatography (HPAC) as a high-throughput screening tool in drug discovery to study drug–plasma protein interactions. In: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 2013, vol. 74, p. 205-212. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:26883

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Deposited on : 2013-03-20

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