Scientific article

Affective dimensions of odor perception: A comparison between Swiss, British, and Singaporean populations

Published inEmotion, vol. 11, no. 5, p. 1168-1181
Publication date2011

Do affective responses to odors vary as a function of culture? To address this question, we developed two self-report scales in the United Kingdom (Liverpool: LEOS) and in Singapore (city of Singapore: SEOS), following the same procedure as used in the past to develop the Geneva Emotion and Odor Scale (GEOS: Chrea et al., 2009). The final scales were obtained by a three-step reduction of an initial pool of 480 affective terms, retaining only the most relevant terms to describe odor-related subjective affective states, and comprised six (GEOS) or seven affective dimensions (LEOS and SEOS). These included dimensions that were common to the three cultures (Disgust, Happiness Well-being, Sensuality Desire, and Energy), common to the two European samples (Soothing Peacefulness) and dimensions that were culture -specific (Sensory Pleasure in Geneva; Nostalgia and Hunger Thirst in Liverpool; Intellectual Stimulation, Spirituality and Negative Feelings in Singapore). A comparative approach showed that the dimensional organization of odor-related affective terms in a given culture better explained data variability for that culture than data variability for the other cultures, thus highlighting the importance of culture -specific tools in the investigation of odor-related affect.

  • Affective experience
  • Cross-cultural differences
  • Dimensional models of emotion
  • Olfaction
  • Self-report
Citation (ISO format)
FERDENZI, Camille et al. Affective dimensions of odor perception: A comparison between Swiss, British, and Singaporean populations. In: Emotion, 2011, vol. 11, n° 5, p. 1168–1181. doi: 10.1037/a0022853
Main files (1)
Article (Accepted version)
ISSN of the journal1931-1516

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