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The MODY1 gene for hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha and a feedback loop control COUP-TFII expression in pancreatic beta cells

Perilhou, Anaïs
Tourrel-Cuzin, Cécile
Zhang, Pili
Kharroubi, Ilham
Fauveau, Véronique
Scott, Donald K.
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Published in Molecular and Cellular Biology. 2008, vol. 28, no. 14, p. 4588-97
Abstract Pancreatic islet beta cell differentiation and function are dependent upon a group of transcription factors that maintain the expression of key genes and suppress others. Knockout mice with the heterozygous deletion of the gene for chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor II (COUP-TFII) or the complete disruption of the gene for hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha (HNF4alpha) in pancreatic beta cells have similar insulin secretion defects, leading us to hypothesize that there is transcriptional cross talk between these two nuclear receptors. Here, we demonstrate specific HNF4alpha activation of a reporter plasmid containing the COUP-TFII gene promoter region in transfected pancreatic beta cells. The stable association of the endogenous HNF4alpha with a region of the COUP-TFII gene promoter that contains a direct repeat 1 (DR-1) binding site was revealed by chromatin immunoprecipitation. Mutation experiments showed that this DR-1 site is essential for HNF4alpha transactivation of COUP-TFII. The dominant negative suppression of HNF4alpha function decreased endogenous COUP-TFII expression, and the specific inactivation of COUP-TFII by small interfering RNA caused HNF4alpha mRNA levels in 832/13 INS-1 cells to decrease. This positive regulation of HNF4alpha by COUP-TFII was confirmed by the adenovirus-mediated overexpression of human COUP-TFII (hCOUP-TFII), which increased HNF4alpha mRNA levels in 832/13 INS-1 cells and in mouse pancreatic islets. Finally, hCOUP-TFII overexpression showed that there is direct COUP-TFII autorepression, as COUP-TFII occupies the proximal DR-1 binding site of its own gene in vivo. Therefore, COUP-TFII may contribute to the control of insulin secretion through the complex HNF4alpha/maturity-onset diabetes of the young 1 (MODY1) transcription factor network operating in beta cells.
Keywords AnimalsCOUP Transcription Factor II/genetics/metabolismCell LineGene Regulatory NetworksHepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4/genetics/metabolismInsulin-Secreting Cells/metabolismMaleMiceMice, Inbred C57BLMutationPromoter Regions, GeneticRatsTranscriptional Activation
PMID: 18474611
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PERILHOU, Anaïs et al. The MODY1 gene for hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha and a feedback loop control COUP-TFII expression in pancreatic beta cells. In: Molecular and cellular biology, 2008, vol. 28, n° 14, p. 4588-97. doi: 10.1128/MCB.01191-07 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:2109

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Deposited on : 2009-06-19

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