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Scientific article
Open access
English

Protection of C. elegans from anoxia by HYL-2 ceramide synthase

Published inScience, vol. 324, no. 5925, p. 381-384
Publication date2009
Abstract

Oxygen deprivation is rapidly deleterious for most organisms. However, Caenorhabditis elegans has developed the ability to survive anoxia for at least 48 hours. Mutations in the DAF-2/DAF-16 insulin-like signaling pathway promote such survival. We describe a pathway involving the HYL-2 ceramide synthase that acts independently of DAF-2. Loss of the ceramide synthase gene hyl-2 results in increased sensitivity of C. elegans to anoxia. C. elegans has two ceramide synthases, hyl-1 and hyl-2, that participate in ceramide biogenesis and affect its ability to survive anoxic conditions. In contrast to hyl-2(lf) mutants, hyl-1(lf) mutants are more resistant to anoxia than normal animals. HYL-1 and HYL-2 have complementary specificities for fatty acyl chains. These data indicate that specific ceramides produced by HYL-2 confer resistance to anoxia.

Keywords
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Caenorhabditis elegans/cytology/genetics/physiology
  • Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins/genetics/metabolism
  • Cell Hypoxia
  • Ceramides/biosynthesis/physiology
  • Gene Deletion
  • Genes, Helminth
  • Mutation
  • Oxidoreductases/genetics/metabolism
  • Oxygen/physiology
  • Receptor, Insulin/genetics/metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genetics/growth & development/physiology
  • Sphingomyelins/biosynthesis/physiology
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Transformation, Genetic
  • Transgenes
Citation (ISO format)
MENUZ, Vincent Régis et al. Protection of C. elegans from anoxia by HYL-2 ceramide synthase. In: Science, 2009, vol. 324, n° 5925, p. 381–384. doi: 10.1126/science.1168532
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal0036-8075
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