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Scientific article
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English

Measurement of the total cross section and $\rho $-parameter from elastic scattering in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

ContributorsATLAS Collaboration
Publication date2023
First online date2023-05-26
Abstract

In a special run of the LHC with $\beta ^{\star } = 2.5$ km, proton–proton elastic-scattering events were recorded at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV with an integrated luminosity of $340~\upmu {\text {b}}^{-1}$ using the ALFA subdetector of ATLAS in 2016. The elastic cross section was measured differentially in the Mandelstam t variable in the range from $-t = 2.5 \cdot 10^{-4}$ GeV$^{2}$ to $-t = 0.46$ GeV$^{2}$ using 6.9 million elastic-scattering candidates. This paper presents measurements of the total cross section $\sigma _{\text {tot}}$, parameters of the nuclear slope, and the $\rho $-parameter defined as the ratio of the real part to the imaginary part of the elastic-scattering amplitude in the limit $t \rightarrow 0$. These parameters are determined from a fit to the differential elastic cross section using the optical theorem and different parameterizations of the t-dependence. The results for $\sigma _{\text {tot}}$ and $\rho $ are $\begin{aligned} \sigma _{\text {tot}}(pp\rightarrow X) = 104.7 \pm 1.1 \; \text{ mb },\quad \rho = 0.098 \pm 0.011 . \end{aligned}$The uncertainty in $\sigma _{\text {tot}}$ is dominated by the luminosity measurement, and in $\rho $ by imperfect knowledge of the detector alignment and by modelling of the nuclear amplitude.

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Keywords
  • P p: elastic scattering
  • P p: colliding beams
  • Luminosity: monitoring
  • P p: scattering
  • Detector: alignment
  • Rho parameter
  • ATLAS
  • Total cross section: measured
  • Cross section: slope
  • Optical theorem
  • Star
  • CERN LHC Coll
  • Differential cross section: measured
  • Momentum transfer dependence
  • Numerical calculations: Monte Carlo
  • Experimental results
  • 13000 GeV-cms
Citation (ISO format)
ATLAS Collaboration. Measurement of the total cross section and $\rho $-parameter from elastic scattering in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV with the ATLAS detector. In: European physical journal. C, Particles and fields, 2023, vol. 83, p. 441. doi: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-023-11436-8
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ISSN of the journal1434-6044
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