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Scientific article
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Exclusive dielectron production in ultraperipheral Pb+Pb collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\textrm{NN}}} $ = 5.02 TeV with ATLAS

ContributorsATLAS Collaboration
Published inThe journal of high energy physics, vol. 2023, 182
Publication date2023
First online date2023-06-27
Abstract

Exclusive production of dielectron pairs, γγ → e$^{+}$e$^{−}$, is studied using $ {\mathcal{L}}_{\textrm{int}} $ = 1.72 nb$^{−1}$ of data from ultraperipheral collisions of lead nuclei at $ \sqrt{s_{\textrm{NN}}} $ = 5.02 TeV recorded by the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The process of interest proceeds via photon–photon interactions in the strong electromagnetic fields of relativistic lead nuclei. Dielectron production is measured in the fiducial region defined by following requirements: electron transverse momentum $ {p}_{\textrm{T}}^e $> 2.5 GeV, absolute electron pseudorapidity |η$^{e}$| < 2.5, dielectron invariant mass m$_{ee}$> 5 GeV, and dielectron transverse momentum $ {p}_{\textrm{T}}^{ee} $< 2 GeV. Differential cross-sections are measured as a function of m$_{ee}$, average $ {p}_{\textrm{T}}^e $, absolute dielectron rapidity |y$_{ee}$|, and scattering angle in the dielectron rest frame, |cos θ$^{*}$|, in the inclusive sample, and also with a requirement of no activity in the forward direction. The total integrated fiducial cross-section is measured to be $ 215\pm 1{\left(\textrm{stat}.\right)}_{-20}^{+23}\left(\textrm{syst}.\right)\pm 4\left(\textrm{lumi}.\right) $μb. Within experimental uncertainties the measured integrated cross-section is in good agreement with the QED predictions from the Monte Carlo programs Starlight and SuperChic, confirming the broad features of the initial photon fluxes. The differential cross-sections show systematic differences from these predictions which are more pronounced at high |y$_{ee}$| and |cos θ$^{*}$| values.

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Keywords
  • Heavy Ion Experiments
  • Heavy-Ion Collision
  • Lead: nucleus
  • Electromagnetic field: high
  • Electron: rapidity
  • Cross section: measured
  • Electron: transverse momentum
  • Photon photon: interaction
  • Heavy ion: scattering
  • Peripheral
  • ATLAS
  • Differential cross section
  • Quantum electrodynamics
  • CERN LHC Coll
  • Exclusive production
  • Monte Carlo
  • 5020 GeV-cms/nucleon
Citation (ISO format)
ATLAS Collaboration. Exclusive dielectron production in ultraperipheral Pb+Pb collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\textrm{NN}}} $ = 5.02 TeV with ATLAS. In: The journal of high energy physics, 2023, vol. 2023, p. 182. doi: 10.1007/jhep06(2023)182
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ISSN of the journal1029-8479
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