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Scientific article
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Decellularized Spinach Biomaterials Support Physiologically Relevant Mechanical Cyclic Strain and Prompt a Stretch-Induced Cellular Response

Published inACS applied bio materials, vol. 5, no. 12, p. 5682-5692
Publication date2022-12-19
First online date2022-11-11
Abstract

Recently, decellularized plant biomaterials have been explored for their use as tissue engineered substitutes. Herein, we expanded upon the investigation of the mechanical properties of these materials to explore their elasticity as many anatomical areas of the body require biomechanical dynamism. We first constructed a device to secure the scaffold and induce a strain within the physiological range of the normal human adult lung during breathing (12–20 movements/min; 10–20% elongation). Results showed that decellularized spinach leaves can support cyclic strain for 24 h and displayed heterogeneous local strain values (7.76–15.88%) as well as a Poisson’s ratio (0.12) similar to that of mammalian lungs (10.67–19.67%; 0.01), as opposed to an incompressible homogeneous standard polymer (such as PDMS (10.85–12.71%; 0.4)). Imaging and mechanical testing showed that the vegetal scaffold exhibited strain hardening but maintained its structural architecture and water retention capacity, suggesting an unaltered porosity. Interestingly, we also showed that cells seeded on the scaffold can also sense the mechanical strain as demonstrated by a nuclear reorientation perpendicular to strain direction (63.3° compared to 41.2° for nonstretched cells), a nuclear location of YAP and increased expression of YAP target genes, a high cytoplasmic calcium level, and an elevated expression level of collagen genes (COL1A1, COL3A1, COL4A1, and COL6A) with an increased collagen secretion at the protein level. Taken together, these data demonstrated that decellularized plant leaf tissues have an inherent elastic property similar to that found in the mammalian system to which cells can sense and respond.

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Keywords
  • Biomaterial
  • Decellularization
  • Elongation
  • Lung
  • Mechanotransduction
  • Plant-based scaffolds
  • Stretching
  • Tissue engineering
Citation (ISO format)
HARRIS, Ashlee F. et al. Decellularized Spinach Biomaterials Support Physiologically Relevant Mechanical Cyclic Strain and Prompt a Stretch-Induced Cellular Response. In: ACS applied bio materials, 2022, vol. 5, n° 12, p. 5682–5692. doi: 10.1021/acsabm.2c00721
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ISSN of the journal2576-6422
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