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Scientific article
English

Ocular biocompatibility of a poly(ortho ester) characterized by autocatalyzed degradation

Published inJournal of biomedical materials research. Part A, vol. 67, no. 1, p. 44-53
Publication date2003-09-04
Abstract

The biocompatibility of autocatalyzed poly(ortho ester) (POE70LA30), a viscous, hydrophobic, bioerodible polymer, was investigated. POE70LA30 was synthesized, sterilized by gamma irradiation, and injected in rabbit eyes at adequate volumes through subconjunctival, intracameral, intravitreal, and suprachoroidal routes. Clinical examinations were performed postoperatively at regular time points for 6 mo, and histopathologic analysis was carried out to confirm tissular biocompatibility. After subconjunctival injection, the polymer was well tolerated and persisted in the subconjunctival space for about 5 weeks. In the case of intracameral injections, polymer biocompatibility was good; the POE70LA30 bubble was still present in the anterior chamber for up to 6 mo after injection. No major histopathologic anomalies were detected, with the exception of a localized Descemet membrane thickening. After intravitreal administration, POE70LA30 biocompatibility was excellent, and no inflammatory reaction could be detected during the observation period. The polymer was degraded in approximately 3 mo. Suprachoroidal injections of POE70LA30 were reproducible and well tolerated. POE70LA30 triggered a slight elevation of the retina and choroid upon clinical observation. The polymer was detectable in the suprachoroidal space for about 6 mo. No inflammatory reaction and no major retinal anomalies could be detected by histology. In conclusion, POE70LA30 appears to be a promising biomaterial for intraocular application, potentially providing sustained drug delivery over an extended period of time, with a good tolerance.

eng
Keywords
  • Biocompatibility
  • Poly(ortho esters)
  • Biodegradable polymers
  • Ocular
  • Rabbit
  • Drug delivery
  • Biomaterials
Citation (ISO format)
EINMAHL, Suzanne et al. Ocular biocompatibility of a poly(ortho ester) characterized by autocatalyzed degradation. In: Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A, 2003, vol. 67, n° 1, p. 44–53. doi: 10.1002/jbm.a.10597
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ISSN of the journal1549-3296
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