Scientific article
Open access

Prediction of cytochromes P450 3A and 2C19 modulation by both inflammation and drug interactions using physiologically based pharmacokinetics

Published inCPT: pharmacometrics & systems pharmacology, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 30-43
Publication date2022-01
First online date2021-11-17

Xenobiotics can interact with cytochromes P450 (CYPs), resulting in drug-drug interactions, but CYPs can also contribute to drug-disease interactions, especially in the case of inflammation, which downregulates CYP activities through pretranscriptional and posttranscriptional mechanisms. Interleukin-6 (IL-6), a key proinflammatory cytokine, is mainly responsible for this effect. The aim of our study was to develop a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model to foresee the impact of elevated IL-6 levels in combination with drug interactions with esomeprazole on CYP3A and CYP2C19. Data from a cohort of elective hip surgery patients whose CYP3A and CYP2C19 activities were measured before and after surgery were used to validate the accurate prediction of the developed models. Successive steps were to fit models for IL-6, esomeprazole, and omeprazole and its metabolite from the literature and to validate them. The models for midazolam and its metabolite were obtained from the literature. When appropriate, a correction factor was applied to convert drug concentrations from whole blood to plasma. Mean ratios between simulated and observed areas under the curve for omeprazole/5-hydroxy omeprazole, esomeprazole, and IL-6 were 1.53, 1.06, and 0.69, respectively, indicating an accurate prediction of the developed models. The impact of IL-6 and esomeprazole on the exposure to CYP3A and CYP2C19 probe substrates and respective metabolites were correctly predicted. Indeed, the ratio between predicted and observed mean concentrations were <2 for all observations (ranging from 0.51 to 1.7). The impact of IL-6 and esomeprazole on CYP3A and CYP2C19 activities after a hip surgery were correctly predicted with the developed PBPK models.

  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 / drug effects
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A / drug effects
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Down-Regulation
  • Drug Interactions
  • Esomeprazole / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / physiopathology
  • Interleukin-6 / blood
  • Midazolam / pharmacokinetics
  • Omeprazole / pharmacology
Citation (ISO format)
LENOIR, Camille et al. Prediction of cytochromes P450 3A and 2C19 modulation by both inflammation and drug interactions using physiologically based pharmacokinetics. In: CPT: pharmacometrics & systems pharmacology, 2022, vol. 11, n° 1, p. 30–43. doi: 10.1002/psp4.12730
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal2163-8306

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Creation02/16/2022 3:08:00 PM
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