Scientific article
Open access

Training syntax to enhance theory of mind in children with ASD

Publication date2022-03-31
First online date2022-03-31

Preschool children with neurotypical development (ND) trained on sentential complements (“X thinks/says that ”) improve their Theory of Mind (ToM) performance. Can complementation training also enhance ToM in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)? Thirty-three children with ASD ( Mage  = 8;11) and 20 younger ND peers ( Mage  = 4;3) were trained on sentential complements (4–6 weeks, 2–3 times per week, via the DIRE i-Pad App). Pre-training and post-training comparisons show that (1) training boosted both complementation and ToM performance across groups; (2) improvements remained 4–6 weeks after training ended; (3) participants with milder ASD symptoms made most gains. Training on sentential complements thus seems beneficial for addressing ToM difficulties in children with ASD, especially those with milder symptoms.

  • Autism
  • False belief
  • Linguistic intervention
  • Theory of Mind
  • Training program
Citation (ISO format)
DURRLEMANN, Stéphanie et al. Training syntax to enhance theory of mind in children with ASD. In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 2022. doi: 10.1007/s10803-022-05507-0
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0162-3257

Technical informations

Creation05/18/2022 10:33:00 AM
First validation05/18/2022 10:33:00 AM
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