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Scientific article
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English

The effect of a mindfulness-based intervention on executive, behavioural and socio-emotional competencies in very preterm young adolescents

Published inScientific reports, vol. 11, no. 1, 19876
Publication date2021-10-06
First online date2021-10-06
Abstract

Very preterm (VPT) children and adolescents show executive, behavioural and socio-emotional difficulties that persists into adulthood. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) in improving these competencies in VPT young adolescents using a randomised controlled trial design. 56 young adolescents aged 10-14 years, born before 32 gestational weeks, were randomly assigned to an "intervention" or a "waiting" group and completed an 8-week MBI in a cross-over design. Executive, behavioural and socio-emotional competencies were assessed at three different time points via parent and self-reported questionnaires, neuropsychological testing and computerised tasks. The data were analysed using an intention-to-treat approach with linear regression modelling. Our findings show a beneficial effect of MBI on executive, behavioural and socio-emotional competencies in VPT young adolescents measured by parent questionnaires. Increased executive competencies were also observed on computerised task with enhanced speed of processing after MBI. Two subgroups of participants were created based on measures of prematurity, which revealed increased long-term benefits in the moderate-risk that were not observed in the high-risk subgroups of VPT young adolescents. MBI seems a valuable tool for reducing detrimental consequences of prematurity in young adolescents, especially regarding executive, behavioural and socio-emotional difficulties.

eng
Keywords
  • Preterm birth
  • Human behaviour
  • Paediatric research
Citation (ISO format)
SIFFREDI, Vanessa et al. The effect of a mindfulness-based intervention on executive, behavioural and socio-emotional competencies in very preterm young adolescents. In: Scientific reports, 2021, vol. 11, n° 1, p. 19876. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-98608-2
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal2045-2322
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Creation10/13/2021 1:00:00 PM
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