Scientific article
Open access

Role of Clinical Characteristics and Biomarkers at Admission to Predict One-Year Mortality in Elderly Patients with Pneumonia

Published inJournal of clinical medicine, vol. 11, no. 1, 105
Publication date2021-12-25
First online date2021-12-25

Background: A hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia results in a decrease in long-term survival in elderly patients. We assessed biomarkers at admission to predict one-year mortality in a cohort of elderly patients with pneumonia.

Methods: A prospective observational study included patients >65 years hospitalized with pneumonia. Assessment of PSI, CURB-65, and biomarkers (C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), NT-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), interleukin (IL)-6 and -8, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), serum amyloid A (SAA), neopterin (NP), myeloperoxidase (MPO), anti-apolipoprotein A-1 IgG (anti-apoA-1), and anti-phosphorylcholine IgM (anti-PC IgM)) was used to calculate prognostic values for one-year mortality using ROC curve analyses. Post hoc optimal cutoffs with corresponding sensitivity (SE) and specificity (SP) were determined using the Youden index.

Results: A total of 133 patients were included (median age 83 years [IQR: 78-89]). Age, dementia, BMI, NT-proBNP (AUROC 0.65 (95% CI: 0.55-0.77)), and IL-8 (AUROC 0.66 (95% CI: 0.56-0.75)) were significantly associated with mortality, with NT-proBNP (HR 1.01 (95% CI 1.00-1.02) and BMI (HR 0.92 (95% CI 0.85-1.000) being independent of age, gender, comorbidities, and PSI with Cox regression. At the cutoff value of 2200 ng/L, NT-proBNP had 67% sensitivity and 70% specificity. PSI and CURB-65 were not associated with mortality.

Conclusions: NT-proBNP levels upon admission and BMI displayed the highest prognostic accuracy for one-year mortality and may help clinicians to identify patients with poor long-term prognosis.

  • Biomarkers
  • Elderly patients
  • One-year mortality
Citation (ISO format)
MALEZIEUX, Astrid et al. Role of Clinical Characteristics and Biomarkers at Admission to Predict One-Year Mortality in Elderly Patients with Pneumonia. In: Journal of clinical medicine, 2021, vol. 11, n° 1, p. 105. doi: 10.3390/jcm11010105
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ISSN of the journal2077-0383

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