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Doctoral thesis
Open access
English

To be or not to be adultlike in syntax: An experimental study of language acquisition and processing in children

ContributorsLassotta, Romy
DirectorsFranck, Julie
Defense date2021-02-19
Abstract

Children manifest difficulties in sentence comprehension, which may stem from an immature competence system and/or an immature performance system. This thesis examines children's syntactic knowledge (competence system), as well as processing abilities (performance system) involved in sentence comprehension. A series of six experimental studies with French-speaking children and adults were conducted. The investigations evidenced adultlike, rule-based syntactic knowledge of word order and movement before age 2. However, the syntactic processing mechanisms of incremental parsing and revision appeared to develop beyond age 5–6, reaching adultlike performance only around age 7–8. Importantly, domain-general cognitive control abilities, namely inhibition and working memory updating, were also found to be linked to comprehension performance in both children and adults. In conclusion, the results are interpreted as evidence for a child-adult continuity in terms of syntactic competence and comprehension difficulties are attributed to children's linguistic and non-linguistic processing abilities under development.

eng
Keywords
  • Language acquisition
  • Syntax
  • Word order
  • Syntactic movement
  • Filled-gap dependency
  • Parsing
  • Syntactic revision
  • Garden-path
  • Wh-questions
  • Cognitive control
  • N-back
  • Questions-after-stories paradigm
  • Intermodal preferential looking paradigm
Research group
Citation (ISO format)
LASSOTTA, Romy. To be or not to be adultlike in syntax: An experimental study of language acquisition and processing in children. 2021. doi: 10.13097/archive-ouverte/unige:150402
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Creation02/26/2021 3:12:00 PM
First validation02/26/2021 3:12:00 PM
Update time03/07/2024 11:23:33 AM
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