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Self-depersonalization and ingroup favoritism in minimal group hierarchies

Published in Swiss Journal of Psychology. 2018, vol. 77, no. 1, p. 5-14
Abstract Research suggests that members of low-status groups are more likely than members of high-status groups to show self-depersonalization and to favor ingroup members over outgroup members. The present research tests two alternative explanations of this status asymmetry: One explanation is based on the motive for achieving a positive social identity, and the other explanation is based on the willingness to cope with a social identity threat. Three minimal group experiments examine these two explanations. Supporting the identity motive explanation, the findings show that self-depersonalization (Studies 1–3) and ingroup favoritism (Study 3) are less prominent in the high-status group than in the low-status and the status-unspecified groups. Moreover, the results do not support the identity threat explanation because selfdepersonalization and ingroup favoritism were not weaker in the low-status group than in the status-unspecified group.
Keywords Minimal groupsIngroup statusSocial identitySelf-depersonalizationIngroup favoritism
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Research group Groupe de recherche sur les relations intergroupes et les représentations sociales
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IACOVIELLO, Vincenzo, LORENZI-CIOLDI, Fabio. Self-depersonalization and ingroup favoritism in minimal group hierarchies. In: Swiss Journal of Psychology, 2018, vol. 77, n° 1, p. 5-14. doi: 10.1024/1421-0185/a000202 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:149702

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Deposited on : 2021-02-24

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