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Doctoral thesis
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Spin dynamics in rare-earth-ion-doped crystals for optical quantum memories

Defense date2017-12-07
Abstract

Spin dynamics are investigated in several rare-earth-ion-doped crystals, both for so-called Kramers ions and non-Kramers ions. I have studied two illustrative examples of such systems, Neodymium (Kramers) and Europium (non-Kramers). The main motivation behind these studies is the search for long relaxation and coherence times in solid state atomic ensembles. To this end I employ spectroscopic techniques to probe different kinds of interactions and relaxation mechanisms taking place in the samples. I perform spectroscopy of Neodymium (Kramers) in two different crystal lattices, yttrium orthosilicate and yttrium orthovanadate. I propose new methods to improve the relaxation lifetimes, and make precise characterizations of the interactions taking place within the atomic ensemble. In particular we achieve the most precise measurement of a kind of interaction which has received considerable attention recently in other areas of physics, the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. These spectroscopic studies are of course of fundamental interest, but they can also be applied to quantum communication and computation. In this context, we were able to increase the efficiency of a quantum memory based on a Kramers ion (Nd) to be on par with the best non-Kramers (Eu,Pr) memories. Using Neodymium ions, I have certified that multi-dimensional entanglement can be stored in a quantum memory. The second part of this thesis concerns the study of Europium (non-Kramers), starting with a characterization of the Zeeman and quadrupole interactions. I believe these studies will pave the way for long duration (100 ms or more) quantum storage in a rare-earth-ion-doped crystal.

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Citation (ISO format)
ZAMBRINI CRUZEIRO, Emmanuel. Spin dynamics in rare-earth-ion-doped crystals for optical quantum memories. 2017. doi: 10.13097/archive-ouverte/unige:115799
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