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Expertise and generalization: lessons from action video games

Green, C. Shawn
Published in Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences. 2018, vol. 20, p. 169-173
Abstract Training is typically characterized by a trade-off between developing efficient performance, or expertise, and maintaining the ability to generalize one's knowledge beyond the trained domain. Here we ask whether it may be possible to train individuals to enhance their generalization abilities despite this natural trade-off. We first review the proposal that enhanced attentional control and cognitive flexibility may be potential mechanisms that will produce broad generalization. We then consider the case of action video game play which has been associated with enhancements in both attentional control and cognitive flexibility as well as generalization beyond the trained intervention.
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Research group Neuroscience cognitive
Projects FNS: SNF 100014_159506
Office of Naval Research: N00014-17-1-2049
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BAVELIER, Daphné, BEDIOU, Benoît, GREEN, C. Shawn. Expertise and generalization: lessons from action video games. In: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 2018, vol. 20, p. 169-173. doi: 10.1016/j.cobeha.2018.01.012 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:103295

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Deposited on : 2018-03-29

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