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Encoding and Retrieval Interference in Sentence Comprehension: Evidence from Agreement

Tabor, Whitney
Published in Frontiers in psychology. 2018, vol. 9, no. 2, p. 1-16
Abstract Long-distance verb-argument dependencies generally require the integration of a fronted argument when the verb is encountered for sentence interpretation. Under a parsing model that handles long-distance dependencies through a cue-based retrieval mechanism, retrieval is hampered when retrieval cues also resonate with nontarget elements (retrieval interference). However, similarity-based interference may also stem from interference arising during the encoding of elements in memory (encoding interference), an effect that is not directly accountable for by a cue-based retrieval mechanism. Although encoding and retrieval interference are clearly distinct at the theoretical level, it is difficult to disentangle the two on empirical grounds, since encoding interference may also manifest at the retrieval region. We report two self-paced reading experiments aimed at teasing apart the role of each component in gender and number subject-verb agreement in Italian and English object relative clauses. In Italian, the verb does not agree in gender with the subject, thus providing no cue for retrieval. In English, although present tense verbs agree in number with the subject, past tense verbs do not, allowing us to test the role of number as a retrieval cue within the same language...
Keywords Similarity-based interferenceRetrievalEncodingLong-distance dependenciesWorking memoryAgreementACT-RSelf-organized sentence processing
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Research group Psycholinguistique
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VILLATA, Sandra, TABOR, Whitney, FRANCK, Julie. Encoding and Retrieval Interference in Sentence Comprehension: Evidence from Agreement. In: Frontiers in Psychology, 2018, vol. 9, n° 2, p. 1-16. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00002 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:102088

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Deposited on : 2018-02-13

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