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Asymmetrical distribution of δ and PP cells in human pancreatic islets

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Published in Journal of Endocrinology. 2016, vol. 229, no. 2, p. 123-32
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the location of PP and δ cells in relation to the vascularization within human pancreatic islets. To this end, pancreas sections were analysed by immunofluorescence using antibodies against endocrine islet and endothelial cells. Staining in different islet areas corresponding to islet cells adjacent or not to peripheral or central vascular channels was quantified by computerized morphometry. As results, α, PP and δ cells were preferentially found adjacent to vessels. In contrast to α cells, which were evenly distributed between islet periphery and intraislet vascular channels, PP and δ cells had asymmetric and opposite distributions: PP staining was higher and somatostatin staining was lower in the islet periphery than in the area around intraislet vascular channels. Additionally, frequencies of PP and δ cells were negatively correlated in the islets. No difference was observed between islets from the head and the tail of the pancreas, and from type 2 diabetic and non-diabetic donors. In conclusion, the distribution of δ cells differs from that of PP cells in human islets, suggesting that vessels at the periphery and at the centre of islets drain different hormonal cocktails.
Keywords AdolescentAdultAgedFluorescent Antibody TechniqueHumansIslets of Langerhans/cytology/metabolismMiddle AgedPancreatic Polypeptide/metabolismPancreatic Polypeptide-Secreting Cells/cytology/metabolismSomatostatin/metabolismSomatostatin-Secreting Cells/cytology/metabolismTissue DistributionYoung Adult
PMID: 26931137
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Research groups Création de tissus par bio-ingénieurie et régénération d'organes (1021)
La transplantation d'îlots de Langerhans (623)
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BARBIEUX, Charlotte et al. Asymmetrical distribution of δ and PP cells in human pancreatic islets. In: Journal of Endocrinology, 2016, vol. 229, n° 2, p. 123-32. doi: 10.1530/JOE-15-0542 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:100302

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Deposited on : 2017-12-14

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