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Ecthyma Gangrenosum: Escherichia coli or Pseudomonas aeruginosa?

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Published in Frontiers in Microbiology. 2017, vol. 8, p. 953
Abstract Background: Ecthyma gangrenosum (EG) are necrotic lesions that develop in the context of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia. Isolated reports describe EG in the setting of non-Pseudomonal infections. In a patient with EG, initial blood cultures showed Escherichia coli, and almost occulted P. aeruginosa bacteremia. Based on the clinical picture we suspected preponderant P. aeruginosa bacteremia, outgrown by concomitant low-grade E. coli bacteremia in the blood culture vials. Methods: We performed quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays with specific primers for P. aeruginosa and E. coli on blood collected at the same time for blood cultures. We also performed quantitative cultures of the strains isolated from the patient's blood. Results: Quantitative PCR showed that there were 1.5 × 10(E)7 copies/milliliter (ml) of P. aeruginosa DNA, whereas the quantity of E. coli DNA was below the detection limit of 2 × 10(E)4 copies/ml. We estimated that there was at least 1000 times more P. aeruginosa than E. coli. Quantitative cultures showed that E. coli grew faster than P. aeruginosa. Conclusion: Our patient with EG had preponderant P. aeruginosa bacteremia, that was almost occulted by concomitant low-grade E. coli bacteremia. Quantitative PCR was complementary to blood cultures in the final microbiological diagnosis, and proved beneficial in establishing the etiology of EG. This may question the existence of non-Pseudomonal EG, and also shows that blood culture results do not always reflect an "exact picture" of what happens in the patient's blood at the time of sampling. This case illustrates the importance of communication between the clinician and the microbiology laboratory to ensure best possible results.
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PMID: 28611752
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Research group Analyse génomique et fonctionnelle du staphylocoque doré (604)
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ABBAS, Mohamed et al. Ecthyma Gangrenosum: Escherichia coli or Pseudomonas aeruginosa?. In: Frontiers in Microbiology, 2017, vol. 8, p. 953. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:100063

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Deposited on : 2017-12-07

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