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Perceptions of supervisor support: resolving paradoxical patterns across gender and race

Paustian-Underdahl, Samantha C.
King, Eden B.
Rogelberg, Steven G.
Gentry, William A.
Published in Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. 2017, vol. 90, no. 3, p. 436-457
Abstract This work reconciles previous discrepancies regarding when and how the demographic composition of supervisor–subordinate dyads relates to perceived supervisor support. We draw from social identity theory to argue that building relationships with higher- status group members, while distancing oneself from the lower-status group, is a contextually induced way female and racial minority employees may cope with identity threat in the workplace. Our results supported the hypotheses, indicating that this self- distancing effect via reduced perceived supervisor support only emerges in settings where gender or racial identities may be considered threatened (in organizations with climates of higher perceived gender inequity, Study 1; or climates of higher perceived diversity inequity, Study 2). Such results are particularly important and timely given the recent ample attention in popular media and academic outlets regarding the ‘queen bee’ effect, the ‘crabs in the barrel’ mentality, and diversity-valuing behaviour of leaders. The current research suggests that such behaviours are not generalizable to all female or minority employees; rather, this effect seems to be context-driven.
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Other version: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/joop.12179
Research group Groupe de recherche sur les relations intergroupes et les représentations sociales
Project FNS: 100014_149197/1
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PAUSTIAN-UNDERDAHL, Samantha C. et al. Perceptions of supervisor support: resolving paradoxical patterns across gender and race. In: Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 2017, vol. 90, n° 3, p. 436-457. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:99967

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Deposited on : 2017-12-05

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