en
Scientific article
English

Synthesis and three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship analysis of H3 receptor antagonists containing a neutral heterocyclic polar group

Published inDrug design and discovery, vol. 18, no. 2-3, p. 65-79
Publication date2003
Abstract

Three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) analysis was applied to a series of H(3) receptor antagonists characterized by an imidazole ring, an alkyl spacer, and a heterocyclic polar moiety containing an imidazole or a thiazole ring, with a view to investigate the requirements for H(3) receptor affinity on rat cortex membranes. The compounds were aligned based on the hypothesis that the presence of a H-bond donor group in the polar portion of the molecule can increase H(3) receptor affinity. The 3D-QSAR analysis, which was performed using both the CoMFA and CoMSIA protocols, revealed that the presence of a H-bond donor group is not statistically relevant for H(3) receptor affinity. Based on this result, another alignment was adopted that took into consideration the structural features common to all compounds, namely the imidazole ring and the N atom with a free lone pair in the polar portion. The 3D-QSAR models thus obtained showed that H(3) receptor affinity is modulated by the position and direction of the intermolecular interaction elicited by the polar group in the ligands.

Keywords
  • Animals
  • Cerebral Cortex/drug effects/metabolism
  • Heterocyclic Compounds/chemical synthesis/*chemistry/pharmacology
  • Histamine Antagonists/chemical synthesis/*chemistry/pharmacology
  • Imidazoles/chemical synthesis/chemistry/pharmacology
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Conformation
  • Protein Binding
  • Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Radioligand Assay
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Histamine H3/*chemistry/metabolism
  • Thiazoles/chemical synthesis/chemistry/pharmacology
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
RIVARA, S. et al. Synthesis and three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship analysis of H3 receptor antagonists containing a neutral heterocyclic polar group. In: Drug design and discovery, 2003, vol. 18, n° 2-3, p. 65–79. doi: 10.1080/10559610290249539
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Article (Published version)
accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1026-7921
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