UNIGE document Scientific Article
previous document  unige:99571  next document
add to browser collection
Title

How emotion context modulates unconscious goal activation during motor force exertion

Authors
Blakemore, Rebekah L
Published in Neuroimage. 2017, vol. 146, p. 904-917
Abstract Priming participants with emotional or action-related concepts influences goal formation and motor force output during effort exertion tasks, even without awareness of priming information. However, little is known about neural processes underpinning how emotional cues interact with action (or inaction) goals to motivate (or demotivate) motor behaviour. In a novel functional neuroimaging paradigm, visible emotional images followed by subliminal action or inaction word primes were presented before participants performed a maximal force exertion. In neutral emotional contexts, maximum force was lower following inaction than action primes. However, arousing emotional images had interactive motivational effects on the motor system: Unpleasant images prior to inaction primes increased force output (enhanced effort exertion) relative to control primes, and engaged a motivation-related network involving ventral striatum, extended amygdala, as well as right inferior frontal cortex. Conversely, pleasant images presented before action (versus control) primes decreased force and activated regions of the default-mode network, including inferior parietal lobule and medial prefrontal cortex. These findings show that emotional context can determine how unconscious goal representations influence motivational processes and are transformed into actual motor output, without direct rewarding contingencies. Furthermore, they provide insight into altered motor behaviour in psychopathological disorders with dysfunctional motivational processes.
Identifiers
PMID: 27833013
Full text
Article (Published version) (1.2 MB) - public document Free access
Structures
Research group Affective sciences
Citation
(ISO format)
BLAKEMORE, Rebekah L, NEVEU, Rémi, VUILLEUMIER, Patrik. How emotion context modulates unconscious goal activation during motor force exertion. In: Neuroimage, 2017, vol. 146, p. 904-917. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:99571

19 hits

9 downloads

Update

Deposited on : 2017-11-23

Export document
Format :
Citation style :