Scientific article

Multimodal expression of emotion: Affect programs or componential appraisal patterns?

Published inEmotion, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 158-171
Publication date2007

In earlier work, the authors analyzed emotion portrayals by professional actors separately for facial expression, vocal expression, gestures, and body movements. In a secondary analysis of the combined data set for all these modalities, the authors now examine to what extent actors use prototypical multimodal configurations of expressive actions to portray different emotions, as predicted by basic emotion theories claiming that expressions are produced by fixed neuromotor affect programs. Although several coherent unimodal clusters are identified, the results show only 3 multimodal clusters: agitation, resignation, and joyful surprise, with only the latter being specific to a particular emotion. Finding variable expressions rather than prototypical patterns seems consistent with the notion that emotional expression is differentially driven by the results of sequential appraisal checks, as postulated by componential appraisal theories

  • Actor portrayals
  • Multimodal expression
  • SCAS
Research group
Citation (ISO format)
SCHERER, Klaus R., ELLGRING, Heiner. Multimodal expression of emotion: Affect programs or componential appraisal patterns? In: Emotion, 2007, vol. 7, n° 1, p. 158–171. doi: 10.1037/1528-3542.7.1.158
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1528-3542

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