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Title

Mycobacterium marinum antagonistically induces an autophagic response while repressing the autophagic flux in a TORC1- and ESX-1-dependent manner

Authors
Bach, Frauke
King, Jason S
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Published in PLOS Pathogens. 2017, vol. 13, no. 4, p. e1006344
Abstract Autophagy is a eukaryotic catabolic process also participating in cell-autonomous defence. Infected host cells generate double-membrane autophagosomes that mature in autolysosomes to engulf, kill and digest cytoplasmic pathogens. However, several bacteria subvert autophagy and benefit from its machinery and functions. Monitoring infection stages by genetics, pharmacology and microscopy, we demonstrate that the ESX-1 secretion system of Mycobacterium marinum, a close relative to M. tuberculosis, upregulates the transcription of autophagy genes, and stimulates autophagosome formation and recruitment to the mycobacteria-containing vacuole (MCV) in the host model organism Dictyostelium. Antagonistically, ESX-1 is also essential to block the autophagic flux and deplete the MCV of proteolytic activity. Activators of the TORC1 complex localize to the MCV in an ESX-1-dependent manner, suggesting an important role in the manipulation of autophagy by mycobacteria. Our findings suggest that the infection by M. marinum activates an autophagic response that is simultaneously repressed and exploited by the bacterium to support its survival inside the MCV.
Keywords AutophagyBacterial Proteins/genetics/metabolismDictyostelium/genetics/metabolism/microbiologyHost-Pathogen InteractionsHumansMultiprotein Complexes/genetics/metabolismMycobacterium InfectionsNontuberculous/genetics/metabolism/physiopathology/virologyMycobacterium marinum/genetics/metabolismTOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics/metabolismVacuoles/microbiology
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PMID: 28414774
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Structures
Research group Groupe Soldati
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CARDENAL-MUNOZ, Elena et al. Mycobacterium marinum antagonistically induces an autophagic response while repressing the autophagic flux in a TORC1- and ESX-1-dependent manner. In: PLOS Pathogens, 2017, vol. 13, n° 4, p. e1006344. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:96994

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Deposited on : 2017-09-25

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