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Title

Music Ensemble as a Resilient System. Managing the Unexpected through Group Interaction

Authors
Bracco, Fabrizio
Chiorri, Carlo
Published in Frontiers in Psychology. 2016, vol. 7, p. 1548
Collection eCollection 2016
Abstract The present contribution provides readers from diverse fields of psychology with a new and comprehensive model for the understanding of the characteristics of music ensembles. The model is based on a novel heuristic approach whose key construct is resilience, intended here as the ability of a system to adapt to external perturbations and anticipate future events. The paper clarifies the specificity of music ensemble as an original social and creative activity, and how some mechanisms, at an individual (cognitive) and group (coordination) level, are enacted in a particular way that endows these groups with exceptional capacity for resilience. There is now a wealth of evidence isolating the psychological mechanisms involved in these processes. However, there is much less focus on conditions in which the group has to face unexpected and potentially performance-disruptive events. The resilience approach offers a more thorough explanation of the regulatory strategies that musicians may resort to in order to maintain their performance at an optimal level. Music ensembles of different size are presented as case studies of how such systems (and their individual members) resist error and maintain joint performance. Three hypothetical scenarios are further proposed that epitomize resilient or non-resilient musical teams. The present contribution further proposes hypotheses and formulates predictions on which combinations of individual and group factors foster team resilience. This model further accommodates the most recent findings in neuroscience and experimental psychology. Besides highlighting the potential of music ensemble for psychological research, it offers hints about how resilience could be trained.
Keywords AdaptationAnticipationAttentionMusic ensemble performanceResilienceSocial interaction
Identifiers
PMID: 27774079
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Article (Published version) (926 Kb) - public document Free access
Structures
Research group Neuroscience de l'émotion et dynamiques affectives (NEAD)
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(ISO format)
GLOWINSKI, Donald et al. Music Ensemble as a Resilient System. Managing the Unexpected through Group Interaction. In: Frontiers in Psychology, 2016, vol. 7, p. 1548. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:95991

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Deposited on : 2017-08-04

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