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Novel human astroviruses: novel human diseases ?

Published in Journal of Clinical Virology. 2016, vol. 82, p. 56-63
Abstract Astroviruses are small, non-enveloped, single-stranded positive RNA viruses that belong to the Astroviridae family. While classical human astroviruses (HAstV) are a well-recognized cause of acute non-bacterial diarrhea among young children worldwide, novel astroviruses, named HAstV-MLB and HAstV-VA/HMO, have been identified recently in humans by molecular assays. They are phylogenetically more related to animal astroviruses than to classical human astroviruses, thus suggesting cross-species transmission. Serological studies demonstrated a surprisingly high seroprevalence in certain populations and highlighted a high infection rate in the early years of life. Although their pathogenic role has not yet been clearly determined, novel astrovirus RNA sequences have been identified in different biological specimens of symptomatic patients, including the feces, plasma, cerebrospinal fluid, and brain biopsies. Thus, there is evidence that they could contribute not only to digestive tract infection, but also to unexpected clinical syndromes, notably encephalitis and meningitis. Severe infections affect mainly immunocompromised patients. These findings indicate that novel astroviruses should be considered in the differential diagnosis of immunocompromised patients with meningitis or encephalitis of unknown origin.
PMID: 27434149
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Research group Groupe Laurent Kaiser (virologie clinique) (668)
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VU CANTERO, Diem-Lan et al. Novel human astroviruses: novel human diseases ?. In: Journal of Clinical Virology, 2016, vol. 82, p. 56-63. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2016.07.004 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:92740

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Deposited on : 2017-03-21

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