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Title

Routes to short-term memory indexing: Lessons from deaf native users of American Sign Language

Authors
Hirshorn, Elizabeth A.
Fernandez, Nina M.
Published in Cognitive Neuropsychology. 2012, vol. 29, no. 1-2, p. 85-103
Abstract Models of working memory (WM) have been instrumental in understanding foundational cognitive processes and sources of individual differences. However, current models cannot conclusively explain the consistent group differences between deaf signers and hearing speakers on a number of short-term memory (STM) tasks. Here we take the perspective that these results are not due to a temporal order-processing deficit in deaf individuals, but rather reflect different biases in how different types of memory cues are used to do a given task. We further argue that the main driving force behind the shifts in relative biasing is a consequence of language modality (sign vs. speech) and the processing they afford, and not deafness, per se.
Keywords Short-term memoryDeafnessSign languagePhonological codingSpatial–temporal coding
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Research group Neuroscience cognitive
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HIRSHORN, Elizabeth A., FERNANDEZ, Nina M., BAVELIER, Daphné. Routes to short-term memory indexing: Lessons from deaf native users of American Sign Language. In: Cognitive Neuropsychology, 2012, vol. 29, n° 1-2, p. 85-103. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:92246

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Deposited on : 2017-03-01

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