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Hypoxic preconditioning increases skin oxygenation and viability but does not alter VEGF expression or vascular density

Tkatchouk, Elena N.
Ehrenburg, Igor
Published in High Altitude Medicine and Biology. 2008, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 76-88
Abstract Intermittent hypoxia is known to elicit adaptive changes that increase tissue oxygen delivery. We investigated the effects of intermittent hypoxic exposure (IHE) in normal skin (course study) and evaluated whether preoperative IHE-preconditioning alleviates acute ischemic injury in skin flaps (flap study). For 4 weeks, 55 rats were exposed to a daily IHE-session (6 hypoxic cycles, 9% O(2), 6 to 10 min) separated by 3 min of reoxygenation (20.9% O(2)). The time course of intracutaneous PO(2) was measured at weekly intervals. VEGF/VEGF-receptor-mRNA and vascular density were measured in normal skin before and after 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks of the IHE course (20 rats). In 35 rats, skin flaps were elevated after IHE and similar studies were undertaken in samples from 3 flap areas at postoperative days 0.5, 2, and 4. Additionally, flap survival and cutaneous blood flow were quantitated. In normal skin, PO(2) was initially significantly decreased during the hypoxic cycles (PO(2) 4.1 +/- 1.5 mmHg). After 4 weeks of IHE, PO(2) (34.5 +/- 5.8 mmHg) was maintained even under hypoxic conditions. In flaps, IHE led to a 2.6-fold increase in PO(2), increased flap survival (+ 19.4%, day 7), and blood flow (+ 19.1%, day 10) (p < 0.01). In neither study did IHE-preconditioning increase VEGF/VEGF-receptor-mRNA expression or vascular density. We conclude that (1) IHE induces pronounced hypoxia in the skin, but progressive adaptation occurs within 4 weeks, (2) preoperative IHE-preconditioning leads to significantly higher PO(2), blood flow, and tissue survival in ischemic skin flaps, and (3) the transient hypoxia induced by IHE does not alter expression of VEGF or its receptors nor does it trigger angiogenesis.
Keywords AcclimatizationAnimalsAnoxia/metabolismMaleOxygen ConsumptionRandom AllocationRatsRats, WistarRegional Blood FlowSkin/metabolism/pathologySurgical Flaps/blood supplyVascular Endothelial Growth Factors/metabolism
PMID: 18331223
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Research group Groupe Pittet Cuenod Brigitte (chirurgie plastique et reconstructive) (96)
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SCHLAUDRAFF, Kai-Uwe et al. Hypoxic preconditioning increases skin oxygenation and viability but does not alter VEGF expression or vascular density. In: High Altitude Medicine and Biology, 2008, vol. 9, n° 1, p. 76-88. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:914

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Deposited on : 2009-02-24

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