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Extracellular plant DNA in Geneva groundwater and traditional artesian drinking water fountains

Mavingui, Patrick
Navarro, Elisabeth
Rosselli, Walter
Simonet, Pascal
Vogel, Timothy M.
Published in Chemosphere. 2009, vol. 75, no. 4, p. 498-504
Abstract DNA, as the signature of life, has been extensively studied in a wide range of environments. While DNA analysis has become central to work on natural gene exchange, forensic analyses, soil bioremediation, genetically modified organisms, exobiology, and palaeontology, fundamental questions about DNA resistance to degradation remain. This paper investigated on the presence of plant DNA in groundwater and artesian fountain (groundwater-fed) samples, which relates to the movement and persistence of DNA in the environment. The study was performed in the groundwater and in the fountains, which are considered as a traditional artesian drinking water in Geneva Champagne Basin. DNA from water samples was extracted, analysed and quantified. Plant gene sequences were detected using PCR amplification based on 18S rRNA gene primers specific for eukaryotes. Physicochemical parameters of water samples including temperature, pH, conductivity, organic matter, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and total organic carbon (TOC) were measured throughout the study. The results revealed that important quantities of plant DNA can be found in the groundwater. PCR amplification based on 18S rDNA, cloning, RFLP analysis and sequencing demonstrated the presence of plant DNA including Vitis rupestris, Vitis berlandieri, Polygonum sp. Soltis, Boopis graminea, and Sinapis alba in the water samples. Our observations support the notion of plant DNA release, long-term persistence and movement in the unsaturated medium as well as in groundwater aquifers.
Keywords Plant DNATransportGroundwaterGeneva basin
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Research groups Limnology and Environmental Geology
FORE9 Environmental microbiology
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POTE-WEMBONYAMA, John et al. Extracellular plant DNA in Geneva groundwater and traditional artesian drinking water fountains. In: Chemosphere, 2009, vol. 75, n° 4, p. 498-504. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:90561

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Deposited on : 2016-12-20

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