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Title

Dietary Intake according to Gender and Education: A Twenty-Year Trend in a Swiss Adult Population

Authors
Marques-Vidal, Pedro
Rousi, Eirini
Paccaud, Fred
Published in Nutrients. 2015, vol. 7, no. 11, p. 9558-72
Abstract We assessed trends in dietary intake according to gender and education using repeated cross-sectional, population-based surveys conducted between 1993 and 2012 in Geneva, Switzerland (17,263 participants, 52.0 ± 10.6 years, 48% male). In 1993-1999, higher educated men had higher monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), carotene and vitamin D intakes than lower educated men, and the differences decreased in 2006-2012. In 1993-1999, higher educated women had higher fiber, iron, carotene, vitamin D and alcohol intakes than lower educated women, and the differences decreased in 2006-2012. Total energy, polyunsaturated fatty acids, retinol and alcohol intakes decreased, while mono/disaccharides, MUFA and carotene intake increased in both genders. Lower educated men had stronger decreases in saturated fatty acid (SFA) and calcium intakes than higher educated men: multivariate-adjusted slope and 95% confidence interval -0.11 (-0.15; -0.06) vs. -0.03 (-0.08; 0.02) g/day/year for SFA and -5.2 (-7.8; -2.7) vs. -1.03 (-3.8; 1.8) mg/day/year for calcium, p for interaction <0.05. Higher educated women had a greater decrease in iron intake than lower educated women: -0.03 (-0.04; -0.02) vs. -0.01 (-0.02; 0.00) mg/day/year, p for interaction = 0.002. We conclude that, in Switzerland, dietary intake evolved similarly between 1993 and 2012 in both educational groups. Educational differences present in 1993 persisted in 2012.
Keywords AdultCalcium, Dietary/administration & dosageCarotenoids/administration & dosageCross-Sectional StudiesDiet/trendsDietary CarbohydratesDietary Fats/administration & dosageDietary Fiber/administration & dosageDietary Proteins/administration & dosageEducational StatusEnergy IntakeFatty AcidsFatty Acids, Monounsaturated/administration & dosageFatty Acids, Unsaturated/administration & dosageFemaleHumansLinear ModelsMaleMiddle AgedMultivariate AnalysisNutrition SurveysSensitivity and SpecificitySex FactorsVitamin D/administration & dosage
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PMID: 26593944
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Research group Groupe Jean-Michel Gaspoz (23)
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MARQUES-VIDAL, Pedro et al. Dietary Intake according to Gender and Education: A Twenty-Year Trend in a Swiss Adult Population. In: Nutrients, 2015, vol. 7, n° 11, p. 9558-72. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:90136

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Deposited on : 2016-12-08

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