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Scientific article
Open access
English

Blockade of membrane transport and disassembly of the Golgi complex by expression of syntaxin 1A in neurosecretion-incompetent cells: prevention by rbSEC1

Published inJournal of cell science, vol. 112, no. 12, p. 1865-1877
Publication date1999
Abstract

The t-SNAREs syntaxin1A and SNAP-25, i.e. the members of the complex involved in regulated exocytosis at synapses and neurosecretory cells, are delivered to their physiological site, the plasma membrane, when transfected into neurosecretion-competent cells, such as PC12 and AtT20. In contrast, when transfection is made into cells incompetent for neurosecretion, such as those of a defective PC12 clone and the NRK fibroblasts, which have no endogenous expression of these t-SNAREs, syntaxin1A (but neither two other syntaxin family members nor SNAP-25) remains stuck in the Golgi-TGN area with profound consequences to the cell: blockade of both membrane (SNAP-25, GAT-1) and secretory (chromogranin B) protein transport to the cell surface; progressive disassembly of the Golgi complex and TGN; ultimate disappearance of the latter structures, with intermixing of their markers (mannosidase II; TGN-38) with those of the endoplasmic reticulum (calreticulin) and with syntaxin1A itself. When, however, syntaxin 1A is transfected together with rbSec1, a protein known to participate in neurosecretory exocytosis via its dynamic interaction with the t-SNARE, neither the blockade nor the alterations of the Golgi complex take place. Our results demonstrate that syntaxin1A, in addition to its role in exocytosis at the cell surface, possesses a specific potential to interfere with intracellular membrane transport and that its interaction with rbSec1 is instrumental to its physiological function not only at the plasma membrane but also within the cell. At the latter site, the rbSec1-induced conversion of syntaxin1A into a form that can be transported and protects the cell from the development of severe structural and membrane traffic alterations.

Keywords
  • Animals
  • Antigens, Surface/ biosynthesis
  • Biological Transport/physiology
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Membrane/physiology
  • Exocytosis/physiology
  • Golgi Apparatus/ metabolism/ultrastructure
  • Munc18 Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins/ biosynthesis/ physiology
  • Neurosecretory Systems/ physiology
  • PC12 Cells
  • Rats
  • Syntaxin 1
  • Transfection
  • Vesicular Transport Proteins
Citation (ISO format)
ROWE, J. et al. Blockade of membrane transport and disassembly of the Golgi complex by expression of syntaxin 1A in neurosecretion-incompetent cells: prevention by rbSEC1. In: Journal of cell science, 1999, vol. 112, n° 12, p. 1865–1877.
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ISSN of the journal0021-9533
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