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Title

Does Facial Amimia Impact the Recognition of Facial Emotions? An EMG Study in Parkinson’s Disease

Authors
Houvenaghel, Jean-François
Auffret, Manon
Duprez, Joan
Vérin, Marc
Sauleau, Paul
Published in PLOS ONE. 2016, vol. 11, no. 7, p. e0160329
Abstract According to embodied simulation theory, understanding other people's emotions is fostered by facial mimicry. However, studies assessing the effect of facial mimicry on the recognition of emotion are still controversial. In Parkinson's disease (PD), one of the most distinctive clinical features is facial amimia, a reduction in facial expressiveness, but patients also show emotional disturbances. The present study used the pathological model of PD to examine the role of facial mimicry on emotion recognition by investigating EMG responses in PD patients during a facial emotion recognition task (anger, joy, neutral). Our results evidenced a significant decrease in facial mimicry for joy in PD, essentially linked to the absence of reaction of the zygomaticus major and the orbicularis oculi muscles in response to happy avatars, whereas facial mimicry for expressions of anger was relatively preserved. We also confirmed that PD patients were less accurate in recognizing positive and neutral facial expressions and highlighted a beneficial effect of facial mimicry on the recognition of emotion. We thus provide additional arguments for embodied simulation theory suggesting that facial mimicry is a potential lever for therapeutic actions in PD even if it seems not to be necessarily required in recognizing emotion as such.
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Article (Published version) (926 Kb) - public document Free access
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Research group Neuroscience de l'émotion et dynamiques affectives (NEAD)
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ARGAUD, Soizic et al. Does Facial Amimia Impact the Recognition of Facial Emotions? An EMG Study in Parkinson’s Disease. In: PLOS ONE, 2016, vol. 11, n° 7, p. e0160329. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:89185

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Deposited on : 2016-11-21

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