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Title

Two Faces of Group-Based Shame: Moral Shame and Image Shame Differentially Predict Positive and Negative Orientations to Ingroup Wrongdoing

Authors
Allpress, J. A.
Brown, R.
Giner-Sorolla, R.
Published in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2014, vol. 40, no. 10, p. 1270-1284
Abstract This article proposes distinctions between guilt and two forms of shame: Guilt arises from a violated norm and is characterized by a focus on specific behavior; shame can be characterized by a threatened social image (Image Shame) or a threatened moral essence (Moral Shame). Applying this analysis to group-based emotions, three correlational studies are reported, set in the context of atrocities committed by (British) ingroup members during the Iraq war (Ns = 147, 256, 399). Results showed that the two forms of shame could be distinguished. Moreover, once the other form of shame was controlled for, they were differentially related to orientations toward the outgroup: Image Shame was associated with negative orientations, whereas Moral Shame had associations with positive outgroup orientations. These associations were distinct from the associations of guilt and rejection. Study 3 used a longitudinal design and provided evidence suggestive of a causal direction from emotions to outgroup orientation.
Keywords EmotionShameGuilt/Shame (psychology)Affect/Emotion
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Research group Affective sciences
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ALLPRESS, J. A. et al. Two Faces of Group-Based Shame: Moral Shame and Image Shame Differentially Predict Positive and Negative Orientations to Ingroup Wrongdoing. In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2014, vol. 40, n° 10, p. 1270-1284. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:89050

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Deposited on : 2016-11-17

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