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Proinsulin targeting to the regulated pathway is not impaired in carboxypeptidase E-deficient Cpefat/Cpefat mice

Verchere, C. B.
Meyer, K.
Published in Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1997, vol. 272, no. 44, p. 27532-27534
Abstract Sorting of proinsulin from the trans-Golgi network to secretory granules is critical for its conversion to insulin as well as for regulated insulin secretion. The proinsulin sorting mechanism is unknown. Recently, carboxypeptidase E (CPE) was proposed as a sorting receptor for prohormones. To know whether CPE is implicated in proinsulin sorting, pancreatic islets were isolated from CPE-deficient Cpefat/Cpefat mice and Cpefat/+ controls, pulse-labeled ([3H]leucine), and then chased in basal medium (90 min) to examine constitutive secretion followed by medium with secretagogues (60 min) to stimulate regulated secretion. Secretion of labeled proinsulin via the constitutive pathway was <2% even in Cpefat/Cpefat islets. After a 150-min chase, only 13% of radioactivity remained as proinsulin in Cpefat/+ islets compared with 46% in Cpefat/Cpefat islets, reflecting slower conversion. Regulated secretion was stimulated to an equal extent from Cpefat/+ and Cpefat/Cpefat mice with 20% of the total content of labeled (pro)insulin released during the 60-min stimulatory period. It is concluded that in CPE-deficient Cpefat/Cpefat mice, proinsulin is efficiently routed to the regulated pathway and its release can be effectively stimulated by secretagogues. CPE is thus not essential for sorting proinsulin to granules.
Keywords AnimalsCarboxypeptidase HCarboxypeptidases/deficiency/ geneticsCulture TechniquesIslets of Langerhans/secretionMaleMiceMice, Inbred C57BLMice, Mutant StrainsProinsulin/ metabolism/secretion
PMID: 9346885
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Other version: http://www.jbc.org/content/272/44/27532.full.pdf
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IRMINGER, Jean-Claude et al. Proinsulin targeting to the regulated pathway is not impaired in carboxypeptidase E-deficient Cpefat/Cpefat mice. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 1997, vol. 272, n° 44, p. 27532-27534. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:8824

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Deposited on : 2010-07-12

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