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Junctional adhesion molecule-C regulates the early influx of leukocytes into tissues during inflammation

Dangerfield, J. P.
Wang, Shijun
Nourshargh, Sussan
Published in The Journal of immunology. 2005, vol. 174, no. 10, p. 6406-6415
Abstract Leukocyte recruitment from blood to inflammatory sites occurs in a multistep process that involves discrete molecular interactions between circulating and endothelial cells. Junctional adhesion molecule (JAM)-C is expressed at different levels on endothelial cells of lymphoid organs and peripheral tissues and has been proposed to regulate neutrophil migration by its interaction with the leukocyte integrin Mac-1. In the present study, we show that the accumulation of leukocytes in alveoli during acute pulmonary inflammation in mice is partially blocked using neutralizing Abs against JAM-C. To confirm the function of JAM-C in regulating leukocyte migration in vivo, we then generated a strain of transgenic mice overexpressing JAM-C under the control of the endothelial specific promotor Tie2. The transgenic animals accumulate more leukocytes to inflammatory sites compared with littermate control mice. Intravital microscopy shows that this is the result of increased leukocyte adhesion and transmigration, whereas rolling of leukocytes is not significantly affected in transgenic mice compared with littermates. Thus, JAM-C participates in the later steps of the leukoendothelial adhesion cascade.
Keywords Acute DiseaseAnimalsCell Adhesion/genetics/immunologyCell Adhesion Molecules/biosynthesis/genetics/ physiologyCell Line, TumorChemotaxis, Leukocyte/genetics/ immunologyEndothelium/immunology/metabolism/pathologyGranulocytes/cytology/immunology/metabolismImmunoglobulins/biosynthesis/genetics/ physiologyInflammation Mediators/metabolism/ physiologyLung/ immunology/ pathologyMembrane Proteins/biosynthesis/genetics/ physiologyMiceMice, Inbred C57BLMice, TransgenicMicroscopy, VideoMonocytes/cytology/immunology/metabolismNeutrophil Infiltration/genetics/immunologyTime Factors
PMID: 15879142
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Other version: http://www.jimmunol.org/cgi/reprint/174/10/6406.pdf
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AURRAND-LIONS, Michel et al. Junctional adhesion molecule-C regulates the early influx of leukocytes into tissues during inflammation. In: The Journal of immunology, 2005, vol. 174, n° 10, p. 6406-6415. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.174.10.6406 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:8620

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Deposited on : 2010-07-12

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