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Determination of artemisinin and artemisinic acid by capillary and packed supercritical fluid chromatography

Published in Journal of High Resolution Chromatography. 1997, vol. 20, no. 2, p. 62 - 66
Abstract Artemisinin (an antimalarial compound) and its bioprecursor artemisinic acid, present in the plant Atemisia annua L., were analyzed by supercritical fluid chromatography (SFS) using capillary and packed columns, coupled respectively with a flame ionization detector (FID) and an evaporative light scattering detector (ELSD). Both methods were optimized and validated with columns of different polarity in order to separate artemisinin and artemisinic acid. Analytical results were comparable, but the paced SFC-ELSD method was faster. Indeed, artemisinin and artemisinic acid were separated with an aminopropyl silica column in less than 8 minutes instead of about 25 minutes by capillary SFS. Contrary to conventional gas and liquid chromatography coupled to an UV-visible detector, SFS methods determined both compounds directly, without degradation and/or derivatization in the concentration range expected in the plant material. Results obtained on plant extracts by capillary SFS-FID and packed SFS-ELSD were confirmed by GC-MS.
Keywords ArtemisininArtemisinic acidCapillary supercritical fluid chromatographyPacked supercritical fluid chromatographyEvaporative light scattering detector
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KOHLER, Marcel et al. Determination of artemisinin and artemisinic acid by capillary and packed supercritical fluid chromatography. In: Journal of High Resolution Chromatography, 1997, vol. 20, n° 2, p. 62 - 66. doi: 10.1002/jhrc.1240200203 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:8389

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Deposited on : 2010-06-22

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