Scientific article
Open access

Was It Worth the Effort? The Outcomes and Consequences of Social Movements

ContributorsGiugni, Marco
Published inAnnual review of sociology, vol. 24, p. 371-393
Publication date1998

Research on social movements has usually addressed issues of movement emergence and mobilization, yet has paid less attention to their outcomes and consequences. Although there exists a considerable amount of work on this aspect, little systematic research has been done so far. Most existing work focuses on political and policy outcomes of movements, whereas few studies address their broader cultural and institutional effects. Furthermore, we still know little about the indirect and unintended consequences produced by movements. Early studies have dealt with the effectiveness of disruptive and violent actions and with the role of several organizational variables for movement success. More recently, scholars have begun to analyze movement outcomes in their political context by looking at the role of public opinion, allies, and state structures. A comparative perspective promises to be a fruitful avenue of research in this regard.

  • Ruption
  • Organization
  • Public opinion
  • Political opportunity structures
  • Social change
Citation (ISO format)
GIUGNI, Marco. Was It Worth the Effort? The Outcomes and Consequences of Social Movements. In: Annual review of sociology, 1998, vol. 24, p. 371–393.
Main files (1)
Article (Accepted version)
  • PID : unige:83865
ISSN of the journal0360-0572

Technical informations

Creation05/24/2016 4:31:00 PM
First validation05/24/2016 4:31:00 PM
Update time03/15/2023 12:22:01 AM
Status update03/15/2023 12:22:01 AM
Last indexation01/16/2024 8:50:32 PM
All rights reserved by Archive ouverte UNIGE and the University of GenevaunigeBlack