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Same-sex attraction in homophobic men: The role of impulsive processes

Master program titleMaîtrise universitaire en psychologie
Defense date2015

While the underlying causes of homophobia are not fully understood, one theory claims it stems from an unconscious or denied attraction to the same-sex. A study by Adams, Wright, and Lohr (1996) found evidence of this same-sex attraction in homophobic men, but other studies have shown mixed results. Drawing on dual-process models, this study tested the assumption that in homophobic men, sexual interest in homosexual stimuli depends on their specific impulses towards these stimuli. Thirty-eight heterosexual men (Mage = 22 years, SD= 4.74) first completed a questionnaire measuring negative attitudes towards homosexuals. Impulsive tendencies to approach homosexual stimuli (IAH) were then evaluated via a manikin task. Next, participants completed a picture-viewing task with simultaneous eye-tracking recording to assess viewing time of visual areas of interest (i.e., face and body). In our main hypothesis, we expected that in highly homophobic men, IAH would predict viewing time of pictures of homosexual couples, but not of heterosexual couples. Overall, the results of the linear mixed model analyses supported this hypothesis: homophobic men looked significantly longer at homosexual pictures only when they had a high IAH.

Citation (ISO format)
GUERRA MENESES, Adrianne. Same-sex attraction in homophobic men: The role of impulsive processes. 2015.
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Master thesis
  • PID : unige:81099

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