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Peace Movements

ContributorsGiugni, Marco
Published inInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, Editors James D. Wright, p. 643-647
PublisherOxford : Elsevier
Publication date2015

The origin of peace movements can be traced back to the early nineteenth century, with the foundation of the first peace societies in the Anglo-Saxon world. Issues addressed by the movements include the general fight against war and promotion of peace (including internationalism), antiwar mobilization, nuclear disarmament (including nuclear test ban), mobilization against military infrastructures, and for civil service. Different phases can be discerned in the Western context: the rise of pacifism as a collective and public issue during the nineteenth and early twentieth century; the Cold War era; peace movements as part of the new social movements from the late 1960s to the late 1980s; and the post-Cold War era. The strength and specific features of peace movements vary both across time and across space depending on the specific features of each national context. Today, peace movements are seen as part of the broader family of the new social movements. Scholarly works have characterized the profile of participants in these movements as being rooted in the new middle class, displaying left-libertarian values, and sharing a common concern over social issues, but have also stressed important difference across countries in their social bases. Peace movements find their most important effects at the societal and cultural level rather than at the political level.

Citation (ISO format)
GIUGNI, Marco. Peace Movements. In: International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition. Oxford : Elsevier, 2015. p. 643–647. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.96021-5
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